Structural engineering is an art of science of molding materials in to shapes in to shapes And sizes that withstand the forces of nature within the prescribed time and economics. Structural engineer should be aware of the following subjects: Mechanics, Applied Mechanics, Strength of Materials, Stress Analysis. The structural engineer uses the Following subjects in every day use: arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, analytical geometry And computer graphics. The structural engineering uses the following steps: design, Engineering, stress analysis, detailing, drafting, documentation and document approval.
Design is creative. Engineering is analytical. Stress analysis requires computation. Stress Analysis requires deformation analysis, also. Deformation can be linear deformation or Angular deformation. Linear deformation is known as deflection. Detailing requires design Of joints. Drafting is done using computers. Drafting practices are many. In the Mechanical Engineering industry, AUTOCAD computer program is used widely. Documentation requires Preparation of Bills of Materials (BOM), material forecasts, fabrication specifications and Erection requirements. Document approval involves approval from the clients and the Government.